How to pick a pumpkin for cooking or carving

By Angela Shelf Medearis

Orange halloween pumpkins (Depositphotos)

A large pile of bright orange pumpkins is my visual celebration of the beginning of fall. References to pumpkins date back many centuries. The name pumpkin originated from the Greek word for “large melon,” which is “pepon.” “Pepon” was nasalized by the French into “pompon.” The English changed “pompon” to “Pumpion.” American colonists changed “pumpion” into “pumpkin.” The origin of pumpkin pie occurred when the colonists sliced off the pumpkin top, removed the seeds, and filled the insides with milk, spices and honey. The pumpkin was then baked in hot ashes.

The bright orange color of pumpkin is a dead giveaway that pumpkin is loaded with an important antioxidant: beta-carotene. Beta-carotene is one of the plant carotenoids converted to vitamin A in the body. In the conversion to vitamin A, beta carotene performs many important functions in overall health.

Current research indicates that a diet rich in foods containing beta-carotene may reduce the risk of developing certain types of cancer and helps protect against heart disease. Beta-carotene provides protection against other diseases as well as some degenerative aspects of aging.

To select a pumpkin, look for one with 1 to 2 inches of stem left. If the stem is cut down too low the pumpkin will decay quickly or may be decaying at the time of purchase. Avoid pumpkins with blemishes and soft spots. It should be heavy, although shape is unimportant. A lopsided pumpkin is not necessarily a bad pumpkin. Figure 1 pound of raw, untrimmed pumpkin for each cup finished pumpkin puree.

To prepare the pumpkin for cooking, spread newspaper over your work surface. Start by carefully removing the stem with a sharp knife. If you are planning to roast the pumpkin seeds, smash or drop the pumpkin on a hard surface to break it open. In any case, remove the stem, scoop out the seeds and scrape away all of the stringy mass. A messy job, but it will pay off.

You can cook the pumpkin by boiling, steaming, roasting or using the microwave to create your own fresh pumpkin puree. Directions for cooking and preparing pumpkin puree are as follows:

Boiling/Steaming Method: Cut the pumpkin into rather large chunks. Rinse in cold water. Place pieces in a large pot with about a cup of water. The water does not need to cover the pumpkin pieces. Cover the pot and boil for 20 to 30 minutes or until tender, or steam for 10 to 12 minutes. Check for doneness by poking with a fork. Drain the cooked pumpkin in a colander. Reserve the liquid to use as a base for soup.

Oven Method: Cut pumpkin in half, scraping away stringy mass and seeds. Rinse under cold water. Place pumpkin, cut side down, on a large cookie sheet. Bake at 350 F for one hour or until fork tender.

Microwave Method: Cut pumpkin in half, place cut side down on a microwave-safe plate or tray. Microwave on high for 15 minutes, check for doneness at 1-2 minute intervals until fork tender.

Preparing the Puree: Allow cooked pumpkin to cool. Remove the peel using a small sharp knife and your fingers. Place pumpkin in a food processor and puree, or alternately use a food mill, ricer, strainer or potato masher. Freeze and store in 1-cup portions in a small freezer bag for up to one year.


This delicious latte is the perfect way to use pumpkin puree and create a delicious drink for the winter months.

6 cups coffee

5 cups of whole milk

1 cup of heavy cream

1/2 cup of pumpkin puree (not pie filling)

4 teaspoons of vanilla extract

1/2 cup of sugar

3 teaspoons of cinnamon, plus more for sprinkling

Whipped cream topping, optional


  1. Add the coffee, milk and heavy cream to the crock pot. Stir to combine.
  2. In a small mixing bowl, combine the pumpkin puree, vanilla, sugar and cinnamon until well-mixed.
  3. Whisk the ingredients into the milk and coffee in your crock pot. Cook on high for two hours. Then, change the heat to warm and serve the drink with a ladle into coffee cups. Top with whipped cream and a sprinkle of cinnamon, if desired. You can leave the remaining drink mixture in the crock pot on warm for up to 2 hours.


Angela Shelf Medearis is an award-winning children’s author, culinary historian, and the author of seven cookbooks. Please join The Kitchen Diva in supporting Mattress Firms’ efforts to assist foster children through the Ticket to Dream Foundation to make a positive impact on the lives of hundreds of thousands of foster children in need. They believe not everyone can be a foster parent, but anyone can help a foster child. (


© 2020 King Features Synd., Inc., and Angela Shelf Medearis