This week: Drought pressure is still causing crops to lag slightly behind average pace, though recent rains have provided relief to some areas. We also have a report on the recent waiver of certain fertilizer tariffs and info on the impact of the LINK-SNAP program on farmers markets. Keep reading for these and more kernels of information …
Drought pressure diminishes; crops still behind pace
URBANA — Following widespread rainfall the weekend of July 16-17, the U.S. Drought Monitor improved a lot of Illinois’ drought area in last week’s map — but also retained severe drought status in east-central Illinois and moderate drought in parts of northeast and far southern Illinois. According to Illinois State Climatologist Trent Ford, many areas received beneficial rain last weekend, with Winnebago, Boone, Clay, and Effingham counties picking up between 3 and 5 inches.
“Unfortunately, the driest part of the state got much less, with parts of Piatt, Champaign, and Vermilion Counties picking up less than one-half-inch total,” Ford reported, adding that July to date has been within one degree of normal in most of northern and central Illinois, and 1-2 degrees warmer than normal in southern Illinois. “Carbondale has had eight days so far this year with a nighttime low temperature above 75 degrees, tied with 1980 and 1934 for the second most on their 120-year record,” Ford said.
The rain missed large swaths of southwestern Illinois, with only two hundredths of an inch to five hundredths of an inch recorded in the region over the weekend, according to Nathan Johanning, University of Illinois Commercial Agriculture Extension Educator for the area. “Crops are holding their own for the amount of heat and dry weather that we have had,” Johanning said. “Double crop soybeans had enough rain to get going but are starting to show some stress now.”
According to the latest USDA-NASS Illinois Crop Progress and Condition report, corn silking reached 60 percent, compared to 73 percent last year and the five-year average of 64 percent. Corn dough reached 6 percent, even with the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 41 percent, compared to the five-year average of 55 percent. Soybeans setting pods reached 8 percent, compared to the five-year average of 21 percent. Soybean condition was rated 5 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 49 percent good and 13 percent excellent.
(Harbach, C. “Illinois Crop Update 7/22/2022.” Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois/USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service)
International Trade Commission waives nitrogen fertilizer tariffs
BLOOMINGTON, Illinois — Upon hearing last week’s news that the U.S. International Trade Commission had ruled against imposing tariffs on nitrogen fertilizers imported from Russia and Trinidad and Tobago, Illinois Corn Growers Association President Marty Marr, a farmer from Jacksonville, issued the following statement:
“This is important news for Illinois corn farmers who have faced fertilizer prices more than double this year and were fearful of further increases. Tariffs would have exacerbated what was already a massive problem for Illinois family farmers. Illinois Corn has talked with our elected officials about fertilizer price increases and even led our members to contact CF Industries to share the impact of the price increases on their farms. Our national association, National Corn Growers Association, even testified at an ITC public hearing. We’ve worked hard to make our voices heard and it’s encouraging that ITC listened.”
The ITC decision took effect immediately. In a news release, Illinois Corn said farmers continue to be concerned about consolidation in the fertilizer industry. ICGA expects the doubling of fertilizer prices to continue into the 2023 crop year, stressing the profitability of Illinois farm families.
IFB study: SNAP program soaring at farmers markets
BLOOMINGTON — An Illinois Farm Bureau-FarmWeek analysis of USDA Food and Nutrition Service data found the number of Illinois “direct marketing” farmers and farmers markets accepting LINK-SNAP have soared since the development of a “matching” program that allows LINK card holders who spend $25 at farmers markets to receive a matching $25. Likewise, the amount of LINK-SNAP benefits spent on food sold directly by those farmers and at those markets has also greatly increased.
The IFB analysis reveals that in fiscal year 2010 — the first full market season when vendors could accept LINK dollars — just over $41,000 in benefits were redeemed at 22 markets across Illinois, accounting for 0.14 percent of the $2.78 million in total benefits redeemed. In fiscal year 2020, however, more than $371,000 in LINK benefits were spent at 94 farmers markets across Illinois, representing 1.1 percent of the $3.37 million in total benefits redeemed.
“Quite frankly, it has huge economic and health benefits to the community,” Janie Maxwell, executive director of the Illinois Farmers Market Association, told IFB-FarmWeek. “(Using LINK at farmers markets) means a regular stream of income to a farmer at the market, increased sales and a larger customer base that can utilize the farmers market and bring them more profits.”
Compeer funding ag ed programs
BLOOMINGTON — Normal Community High School, Evanston Township High School and the Kane County Juvenile Justice Center School are among 65 Illinois schools receiving up to $4,000 each from Compeer Financial for their agricultural education programs. The funding, part of a Compeer grant program, can be used in a variety of ways. At NCHS, the money will go towards greenhouse enhancements, including replacement of heating and cooling systems, environmental and water controls and plant benches, according to a news release.
Illinois Farm Fact:
For every $1 of LINK benefits redeemed at a farmers market, about $1.71 is reinvested back into the community hosting the market. (Illinois Farmers Market Association)