This week’s farm and rural news report is led by advice from Illinois State Statistician Mark Schleusener on why it is crucial farmers respond to the upcoming USDA surveys. We also have news of an independent survey coming out regarding farm nutrient use, and an advisory on which weed species should be targeted for fall-applied herbicides. For these and more timely news bites for Illinois farmers and rural dwellers, please read on …
Illinois NASS: Surveys affect your bottom line
SPRINGFIELD — Confidential crop surveys, which will soon arrive in farmers’ mailboxes from the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service should be completed and returned in order to protect the correct implementation of farm payments and programs. This is what Mark Schleusener, Illinois State Statistician for NASS, wants farmers to know as his office prepares to release crucial surveys for finalizing wheat and oats production.
“The Sept. 1 quarterly survey is designed to measure quarterly small grain production, mainly wheat and oats in Illinois. In that same project we also measure the corn, soybeans and wheat that farmers have stored on their farms,” said Schleusener, in a phone call last week. “We are measuring supply on a quarterly basis, and this survey essentially reflects the end of the growing season for corn and soybeans.”
Repercussions from weak producer participation in the survey not only affect the accuracy of state numbers, but county-level production as well.
“Those county-level production numbers are used in a number of ways. For example, crop insurance and the farm bill programs, which use county-level estimates of production to determine farm payments,” Schleusener said.
Areas that do not respond to the surveys or provide incomplete data force NASS into estimating county-level production using other data.
“It makes us scramble to use other sources of data, and that data may not be as accurate as a true county-level reading,” he said. “The service we provide by publishing these estimates is that they level the playing field between small producers and big agricultural organizations. It is hard for a producer to be able to hire a market or data analyst, but the larger organizations do have people that analyze the data. Our reports give small producers close to the same advantages that the big producers have. And all data reported through NASS are confidential by law.”
Grad student to measure nutrient loss efforts
NORMAL — A grad student in the Department of Agriculture at Illinois State University is conducting a research study for his master’s thesis related to nutrient loss and the Illinois Nutrient Loss Reduction Strategy, with the support of Illinois Corn. George Hoselton is offering the survey, which is accessible through the Illinois Corn website (www.ilcorn.org) or by contacting Hoselton at email@example.com.
“This study is intended to measure the farming community’s perspective on the issue of nutrient loss and the Illinois NLRS, and I am inviting your participation,” Hoselton said in a letter to Illinois Corn membership and other producers. “Your name does not appear anywhere on the survey, and the information you provide cannot be associated in any way with your name.
Illinois Corn will not be made aware of any information provided for the survey. This study provides an opportunity to share your first-hand perspective on this timely issue and gives the farming community an important voice in the process of meeting the goals of the Illinois NLRS.”
Illinois Farm Fact:
Patrick Bane of Arrowsmith, Ill. is one of four finalists for the 2018 America’s Pig Farmer of the Year national award. The winner will be announced in early October. (IPPA news)
Swine feed mill debuts for public
CHRISMAN — It isn’t often a new feed mill opens in Illinois, points out Tim Maiers of Maiers Ag Consulting and the Illinois Livestock Development Group, and it’s even rarer when the public is invited to its grand opening. But that is exactly what happened on Aug. 22, when The Equity hosted an open house for the new state-of-the-art Horace feed mill in east-central Illinois.
The mill is designed to produce up to 450,000 tons per year of complete swine feeds, which will feed 1.35 million market pigs, according to Darwin Wohltman, vice president of feed and livestock for The Equity.
“We wanted to offer a chance for the public to come out and see the feed mill for themselves and learn more about what we do here,” said Wohltman.
The mill consists of three major concrete sections, including a 156-foot tall mill building, receiving and loadout building, and warehouse. Corn is supplied form an adjacent 4 million-bushel grain elevator. The mill will add demand for 6.4 million bushels of corn and 2.7 million bushels of soybeans, according to a news release.
Hager: Assess weed problems now for 2019 success
URBANA — Assessing weed control successes and failures now can help farmers plan strategies for 2019, noted University of Illinois Department of Crop Sciences weed expert Aaron Hager. “Herbicides applied in the fall often can provide improved control of many winter annual weed species compared with similar applications made in the spring,” Hager said in a recently published essay. Horseweed (or marestail) and butterweed are two plant species identified by Hager that could be controlled with fall-applied herbicides.
“Targeting emerged horseweed with higher applications of products such as 2, 4-D in the fall almost always results in better control at planting compared with targeting overwintered and often larger plants with lower rates of 2, 4-D in the spring,” he advised. “Butterweed is a winter annual species that research has demonstrated essentially completes its emergence by November. In University of Illinois research, fall-applied glyphosate generally provided greater and more consistent control of butterweed compared to the same rate applied in spring.
“We recommend fall-applied herbicides target fall-emerging winter annual species, biennials and perennials. We do not recommend fall application of residual herbicides for control of any spring-emerging annual weed species the next spring.”
Hager’s entire essay can be accessed through the U of I farmdocDAILY website (www.farmdocdaily.illinois.edu).
–R.F.D. NEWS & VIEWS: Illinois NASS, Nutrient Loss Study and More–