Public input has greatly altered the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency’s plans for distributing money from the Volkswagen settlement.
The IEPA’s final Beneficiary Mitigation Plan puts much more emphasis on on-road efforts to reduce air pollution than the agency’s draft plan did.
Just 28 percent of the VW funds will now go toward off-road efforts like locomotives, ferries and tug boats, according to the IEPA. Originally, the agency had planned to put 65 percent of the $108 million coming to the state in the VW settlement toward off-road projects. IEPA officials had argued that replacing locomotives and other off-road polluters would give the state the biggest bang for its bucks in improving air quality.
However, online and public comments continually called for the money to go toward electric vehicle infrastructure, electric buses and other on-road efforts.
IEPA officials said the goals in the final Mitigation Plan did not change, but that the public interest expressed in on-road projects did lead the state agency to put more emphasis on projects having on-road impacts.
Chicago area efforts to reduce air pollution will get the first crack at money coming from the settlement.
Public transit project in the Chicago area and an electric school bus pilot project in Cook County will vie for $20 million in funding from the state’s settlement with the German carmaker over cheat devices in some vehicles to improve emission test readings. Public transit companies and transportation providers have until Oct. 15 to submit their applications for funds.
Brad Frost, manager of the Office of Community Relations for the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, overseer of the state’s chunk of VW money, said there are several factors for the Chicago area being a priority area for funding.
“It is an ozone non-attainment area; it has the highest population density; it has the most robust public transportation network in the state and one of the largest in the country; it had most of the illegal VW cars; and it has the largest number of environmental justice areas in Illinois,” Frost said in an email.
Ozone non-attainment areas are regions that do not meet the ground-level ozone standards established by the U.S. EPA in 2015. An environmental justice area is any census tract where 20 percent or more of individuals live in poverty and/or 30 percent or more of the population is minority.
The only other ozone non-attainment area in Illinois besides Cook County is the Metro East area outside St. Louis.
Nearly 80 percent of the census block groups meeting the IEPA definition for an area of environmental justice concern are located in the five-county Chicago area, with almost 70 percent of the block groups in Cook County. An estimated 4 percent of the census block groups for environmental justice concerns are in the Metro East area.
Frost said that more than 1,600 comments and 225 survey responses, along with public input at listening sessions, on the IEPA’s Beneficiary Mitigation Plan led to more money being directed at on-road projects.
Here is how the IEPA’s final Mitigation Plan for the $108 million differs from its original plan:
- 30 percent for public transit projects (lumped in with 20 percent for all on-road projects originally)
- 28 percent for off-road projects (65 percent initially)
- 10 percent for zero emission vehicle supply equipment (not included initially)
- 10 percent for all-electric school buses (same as original plan)
- 10 percent for cleaner diesel and alternative fuel school buses (not part of initial plan)
- 10 percent for freight trucks (lumped in with all on-road projects initially)
- 2 percent for IEPA administrative expenses (down from 5 percent originally)
- The IEPA said that public input will be accepted through the duration of the administration of the Volkswagen settlement funds. Input should be submitted in writing and submitted electronically at EPA.VWSettlement@illinois.gov.
— Illinois EPA offers new plan for VW emissions settlement —